Etan Heller

I quoted and cited some sources in order to demonstrate my points about philosophical trends in the libertarian movement. My quotation of Reason Magazine comes from the “About” section of their website, which contains a brief mission statement. I found the quotes I used when discussing the Libertarian Party in the “Introduction” section of their website (under “Our Party”). I briefly referenced well-known libertarian/anarchist Michael Huemer; a more complete description of his theory of ethical intuitionism can be found in his book, Ethical Intuitionism (Palgrave Macmillan, 2006). I also referenced Chicago economist Peter Leeson – I was present during his lecture at the Midwestern Students for Liberty Conference here at the University of Chicago. Near the end of my article, I mentioned that some libertarians have argued that utilizing welfare-state ethics would be helpful in convincing people of the benefits of the free market – I specifically had Heather Wilhelm’s Wall Street Journal article, “Is Ayn Rand Bad for the Market?” in mind (December 4th, 2009).


Ajay Ravichandran

The discussion of the thought of Edmund Burke, and of conservative principles more generally, in my article on family, community, and capitalism drew heavily on the selections included in The Viking Portable Edmund Burke (ed. Isaac Kramnick). I found Burke's quotation about the "little platoons" in this collection as well. My comments on the virtue of public-mindedness, conservative pessimism, and the division of labor were inspired in part by Christopher Lasch's The True and Only Heaven: Progress and Its Critics.

Jeremy Rozansky

While my remarks on the Symposium are my own, I cannot avoid giving credit to those who have envision a great conversation springing forth from the Western canon, a conversation that is at once foundation, scaffolding, and brick for a liberal education. Most notable in this regard is Allan Bloom’s 1987 The Closing of the American Mind. His observations on and rebuttal of the historicist trend in The Academy, motivate, among other lines, my quip about reading the Nichomachean Ethics. The quote from Socrates is from Xenophon’s Memorabilia and was found by me in one of Bloom’s teachers, Leo Strauss’ speech “What Is Liberal Education,” delivered in 1959. I have also stumbled upon the quote in Bloom’s Giants and Dwarfs and Strauss’ The Rebirth of Classical Political Rationalism (ed. Pangle).
For the essay on Babel, both Robert Alter’s translation and Leon Kass’s The Beginning of Wisdom: Reading Genesis were indispensable guides. Many of the insights were directly provoked by Kass’s work, although my reading on this instance was more narrow—specifically looking at the conservative politics of Babel.
The review of Norman Podhoretz’s Why Are Jews Liberals? required several outside sources. For one, Steven Cohen provided many of the numbers on Jewish social liberalism in his 1989 “The Dimensions of American Jewish Liberalism.” Joseph Telushkin’s Jewish Literacy, David Gelernter’s Judaism, and Murray Friedman’s The Neoconservative Revolution were helpful general sources. The Religious Action Center’s website proved an invaluable example of mainstream Jewish-American politics. The Cambridge Companion to Modern Jewish Philosophy provided a succinct picture of Mendelssohn in an essay by Allan Arkush. Election results were usually found in Podhoretz’s book. Election information for the Orthodox in 2004 is particularly hard to find and ranges somewhere in the 45-65% range. Sample sizes are usually small and the definition of Orthodox is fluid.

Michael Talent

In doing research for my article, “World Managers,” I read and reviewed a number of helpful sources, but I am especially indebted to the work of the Heritage Foundation,, and especially the article Sowing the Wind: The Decay of American Power and Its Consequences, by Mr. Heath Hall and Senator Jim Talent, published in the Regent Journal of Law and Public Policy. It was these people and their work that first exposed me to the idea of the United States as a global “manager” or “order keeper.” Their research also provided me with facts related to the size of the US armed forces and the military budget.
In addition, I am also particularly indebted to “Democratic Peace Theory,”, and especially the theories of Bruce Russett, for providing the information about why democracies do not fight each other.